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Mathesis
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Troels Frederik TROELS-LUND
05.09.1840 — 12.02.1921

Датский историк. Несколько раз номинировался на Нобелевскую премию.

Первой работой, вышедшей в 1871 году, была научная биография Сократа. Автор 14‑томной истории Дании и Норвегии до конца XVI века.

Фредерикъ ТРЁЛЬСЪ-ЛУНДЪ.

Небо и мiровоззрѣнiе въ круговоротѣ временъ.

 

Переводъ съ нѣмецкаго.

По мысли автора, мiропониманiе всецѣло зависитъ отъ отношенiя человѣка къ непосредственно даннымъ, элементарнымъ воспрiятiямъ свѣта и тьмы и ихъ смѣны. Отсюда вырастаютъ и религiя, и наука и мораль. …Такъ складываются элементы того мiровоззрѣнiя, которое возникаетъ, какъ результатъ религiознаго и философскаго синкретизма, послѣ объединенiя древняго мiра. …Слѣдующiй этапъ въ развитiи мiровоззрѣнiя — ученiе Христа, проповѣдь любви, какъ силы, преодолѣвающей зло. Но на это ученiе наслаиваются отложенiя старыхъ вѣрованiй, его сущность затемняется и искажается. …Церковь владѣетъ человѣкомъ въ среднiе вѣка такъ безраздѣльно, какъ никогда еще, ни въ Вавилонѣ, ни въ Iерусалимѣ. …Возрожденiе разметало стѣны убѣжища, въ которомъ ютился и жался христiанскiй мiръ; свѣжiй воздухъ опьянилъ радостью жизни отвыкшихъ отъ него людей; …XVI вѣкъ былъ …пределомъ въ развитiи старыхъ началъ мiровоззрѣнiя и вмѣстѣ съ тѣмъ эпохой полнаго крушенiя ихъ. Человѣчеству приходится орiентироваться на новой землѣ, подъ новымъ небомъ, которое перестало быть для него куполомъ, въ новой вселенной, „dont le centre est partout et la circonference nulle part“. Авторъ кончаетъ книгу, бѣгло намѣтивъ точки этой новой орiентировки. …нѣтъ возможности останавливаться на отдѣльныхъ всегда мѣткихъ, часто глубокихъ мысляхъ проф. Трельсъ-Лунда. …она (книга) — умна, оригинальна и талантлива. Самое лучшее въ ней — удивительно интимное пониманiе особеннаго духа Сѣвернаго Возрожденiя, духа Гамлета и Альбрехта Дюрера. …Переведена (съ нѣмецкаго изданiя) и издана книга Тр.-Лунда превосходно, какъ все, выходящее въ изданiи „Mathesis“.

 П. Бицилли. Извѣстiя Одесскаго Библiографическаго Общества, т. II, вып. I, 1913.


Авторъ, …задался цѣлью …выяснить, какъ „смотрѣли на жизнь люди XVI столѣтiя, какимъ колоритомъ были окрашены въ тѣ времена человѣческiя отношенiя и сама человѣческая дѣятельность“. …Задача въ высшей степени привлекательная, …авторъ …больше вниманiя удѣляетъ философскимъ размышленiямъ. …съ этой стороны книга удовлетворитъ прежде всего читателя, склоннаго къ такому же образу мышленiя. …Какъ философъ, проф. Трельсъ-Лундъ иногда поражаетъ глубиной своей мысли, облеченной въ красивыя, подчасъ жгучiя фразы.

…книга заслуживаетъ большого вниманiя, какъ единственное пока на русскомъ языкѣ сочиненiе, посвященное вопросу о влiянiи астрономiи на мiровоззрѣнiе всѣхъ древнихъ народовъ.

Д. Святскiй. Извѣстiя Русскаго Общества Любителей Мiровѣдѣнiя, № 5 (1), 1913.

© 2008—2017 Фонд „Математические этюды“. Коммерческое использование запрещено.
Поддержка: Фонд „Династия“, Математический институт им. В. А. Стеклова РАН.
Идея: Николай Андреев. Реализация: Роман Кокшаров.