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Mathesis
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Augusto RIGHI
27.08.1850, Болонья — 08.06.1921

Итальянский физик, член Академии деи Линчеи (1898). Окончил в 1872 году инженерную школу в Болонье. В 1873—1880 годах преподавал в Технической школе в Болонье, в 1880—1885 годах — в университете в Палермо. В 1885—1889 годах — профессор Падуанского университета, с 1889 года — Института физики Болонского университета.

Работы посвящены электромагнетизму, физике диэлектриков, оптике, атомной физике. В 1880 году открыл магнитный гистерезис (независимо от Е. Варбурга). В 1888 году переоткрыл внешний фотоэффект и всесторонне его изучил, в частности наблюдал внешний фотоэффект также в случае диэлектриков (эбонит, сера), создал фотоэлемент и впервые применил название „фотоэлемент“. Исследовал колебательные движения, эффекты Холла и Керра, рентгеновские лучи, эффект Зеемана. Создал (1892) новый тип генератора электромагнитных волн — сферический осциллятор сантиметровых волн, получил волны длиной в 20 и 7,5 см. Исследовал отражение этих волн, преломление, поглощение, интерференцию и дифракцию, впервые наблюдал их двойное лучепреломление. Показал, что радиоволны отличаются от световых только длиной волны, но не природой. В 1881 году впервые осуществил модуляцию света вращением одного из двух скрещённых николей, в 1887 году совместно с С. Ледюком открыл один из термомагнитных эффектов (эффект Риги—Ледюка) — возникновение в проводниках, в которых имеется перепад температуры, дополнительного градиента температуры под действием магнитного поля.

Один из главных учителей Г. Маркони.

Член ряда академий наук, в частности Петербургской АН (1896).

Ю. А. Храмов. Физики: Биографический справочник. — М.: Наука, 1983.

Аугусто РИГИ.

Современная теорiя физическихъ явленiй. 

 

Радiоактивность, iоны, электроны.
Переводъ съ 3 итальянскаго изданiя.

1908 годъ. Съ 21 рисункомъ.

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1910 годъ. 2-е изданiе. VIII+146 стр. 8°. Съ 21 рисункомъ.

© 2008—2008 Фонд „Математические этюды“. Коммерческое использование запрещено.
Поддержка: Фонд „Династия“, Математический институт им. В. А. Стеклова РАН.
Идея: Николай Андреев. Реализация: Роман Кокшаров.

© 2008—2008 Фонд „Математические этюды“.
Коммерческое использование запрещено.

Поддержка: Фонд „Династия“,
Математический институт им. В. А. Стеклова Российской академии наук.

Идея: Николай Андреев.
Реализация: Роман Кокшаров.